These are my notes on the book of Nehemiah from The Gospel Coalition National Women’s Conference. There were 7 total sessions, covering all 13 chapters.
Session #1 – Kathy Keller, Nehemiah Chapters 1 & 2 (VIDEO: Nehemiah 1-2 Kathy Keller: http://vimeo.com/99765572)
Nehemiah is an OT Narrative, it is basically Nehemiah’s journal of from that time period. Israel at this time was a weak conquered remnant.
In Chapter 1, Nehemiah gets word about the Jewish remnant that survived the exile and the state of Jerusalem. It wasn’t pretty. The city itself was broken down, damaged. So were it’s people. Nehemiah is pained by this news. He prays to God. His prayer consists of 1st praise, then confession, then glory to God, and then asking for God’s favor. This prayer was not a one time event, rather Nehemiah prayed for 4 months. Until the Lord guided him to act.
In Chapter 2, Nehemiah (who is cupbearer to King Artaxerxes) presents his concerns about his people to the king, when asked why he looked so sad. King Artaxerxes favored Nehemiah and not only granted his request to go to his people, but also his requests for provisions and provided protection for him. Nehemiah went to Jerusalem and assessed the situation. At first he kept his plans to himself. Once he was able to survey the lands and determine a plan of action, he then shared what God had put on his heart. The people were ready to work. Although there were some that stood against him.
From Kathy Keller:
We have prayer from Nehemiah that can be summed up with: If it will glorify you, then I am ok with it.
When Nehemiah got the word about Jerusalem & it’s condition, he had two choices… a bad reaction or a godly reaction.
The back story here, the history, is that Jerusalem was in ruins, Nebuchadnezzar took the Israelites captive. Time passes Cyrus has compassion for the people & wants favor with their God so he allows them to rebuild the temple (2 Chr 36:22-23) But then Artaxerxes stops the rebuilding progress due to the influence of his counsel. Remnants of Israel begin to intermarry, their worship practices end. (Ezra 4-6:10)
Now Nehemiah is a man who understands God’s Word, he sees the bigger picture. He doesn’t just try to fix the circumstance, he recognizes it is more than just building the temple. Restoration to the people needs to happen too. Nehemiah leaps to action by praying.
Nehemiah is 1 small story, in the larger story of Jesus. It’s a redemption story. From ruin to renewal.
The Bible is not about us. It’s not there to access to understand our circumstances. It is there for Jesus and about how God deal with the world. We do not need to be feeding our soul with artificial inspiration and toxic devotionals that have no value, aka “Soul Junk Food”. We need the meat and milk of HIS ACTUAL WORD.
(my personal note…. the devotions I read and write need to be pointed to Jesus, not me… not my circumstances, unless ultimately GOD is glorified through it)
Nehemiah didn’t need a devotion, a fleece or a sign. He was a man who knew God’s word & took action in that confidence to enable his peopleto be what GOD needed them to be. Nehemiah didn’t negotiate with God (do this, then I will…). He just did what God required of him. (I will, so God can…)
In his prayer, Nehemiah was interceding on behalf of Israel. It wasn’t the first time either, Moses would do it frequently.
After his 4 months of prayer, God set Nehemiah on a fast track of action. There was opposition, but Nehemiah went for broke. He had confidence in God, so he had no qualms about asking the King for more provisions/assistance. He was called. He went. Action was needed. Action was taken. When God calls you to action, it is often because you see a need others don’t.
Nehemiah was taking radical action based on his knowledge of God’s Word & for the redemption of his people.
Parallels to Jesus… Nehemiah was with the king, in the comfort, safety and luxury of the palace. (Jesus was in Heaven, with God). Nehemiah assessed the situation and prayed before starting his work. (Jesus walked the earth for thirty years before starting his ministry). He put himself at risk for Jesus. (And Jesus put himself at risk, for us, and paid the ultimate price).
Additionally what is important to this story is that this HAD TO HAPPEN. Nehemiah needed to restore Jerusalem and his people, otherwise there would be no Jewish culture/society that would need Jesus. It would have been entirely lost. They had to get back in the sight of God, so that God could redeem the people.
“God’s people do not need to be a powerful culture or in a powerful position to be obedient & accomplish his purpose in the world. All they need is to be faithful. He will accomplish it.” (Kathy Keller, The Gospel Coalition Women’s National Conference 2014, Nehemiah 1&2)
Session #2 – Timothy Keller, Nehemiah Chapters 3 & 4 (VIDEO: Nehemiah 3-4 Timothy Keller: http://vimeo.com/99790975)
In Chapter 3 is essentially the delegation of work for the rebuilding of the wall. Each portion of the wall is built by a specific group, basically repairing the portion of the wall that was was closest to their house. The chapter details out that the people doing the work were made up of all classes and genders. All of society was represented.
In Chapter 4 we see the opposition that they face in doing so.
From Timothy Keller:
Nehemiah left the safety of his position with the king, to do what God called him to accomplish. The wall was the first thing build, to protect his people from those who would oppose the rebuilding process. This is a parallel to salvation, like the walls of a city, protecting us from sin. (Isa. 26:1)
Keep in mind that we are not building walls to keep non-believers out, to be separated. NO. We are building walls of safety, and we are bringing the people into the city, into citizenship. The gates are open.
Moses was often working for God without the cooperation of the community, they were easily swayed and distracted. Yet here we see a full community, working together for the greater good. This is a progression of redemption toward Holiness. All of us, working together… The whole people of God doing the ministry. We become living stones in a temple. (Eph 2, 1 Peter 2).
Nehemiah points to the future. We all have a ministry. We are one people, united. All with gifts and talents to be used for HIS glory within our community. The early churches grew through evangelism, not due to great pastors and preachers. It grew because EVERYONE did it. Studies, readings, prayer groups, etc.
We are unified as Christians first, our nationality/position comes second. Just as all the different classes & positions & genders joined with Nehemiah to rebuild the wall, we must be unified as Christians FIRST in the calling God has laid before us. It bonds us together, regardless of our individual identity.
In Chapter 4, when they face the opposition to the rebuilding from the outsiders… it says they were despised and insulted. The response was prayer and then posting a guard. This points us toward the relationship between God’s sovereignty and human responsibility.
They prayed, first (God’s sovereignty) . They posted guards, second (human responsibility).
Jesus was sacrificed by God (God’s sovereignty) . But, he was crucified by wicked hands (human responsibility).
When things happen: God is in charge (God’s sovereignty). What you do matters (human responsibility).
Just as Nehemiah and the Israelites were despised and insulted, we will also be persecuted (2 Tim 3:12). This side of the cross we have an opportunity to forgive that Nehemiah didn’t…. when people slander us, insult us, hurt us.
“Take the hit to your reputation, because I [Jesus] took more for you” (Timothy Keller, The Gospel Coalition Women’s National Conference 2014, Nehemiah 3&4))